International Relations


China and Latin America: Infrastructure Investments, Sustainability Concerns and the US Variable

We have covered the trade relationships between China and various entities here on extensively, but Latin America has been for the most part ignored (other than the fact that Brazil was put under the microscope through our BRICS article). Through this article, it’s time to put an end to that and tackle one of


China and Singapore: From “Third China” Concerns to Pragmatic Friendship

Right from the beginning, it is worth pointing out that Singapore has always done its best to avoid being labeled as the “Third China” (with the other two being, of course, the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China – Taiwan) in light of the fact that three of four Singapore citizens are


China and the Philippines: “Pivot to China” Despite South China Sea Tensions?

According to Pew Research Center data, over 90% of those who live in the Philippines are worried that tensions around geopolitical hot spots such as the South China Sea between China and its neighbors could lead to a military confrontation. And, indeed, the Philippines is a significant variable in the South China Sea equation, with


China and Isolationism: A Two-Way Street?

The strong Western isolationism trend became brutally obvious in 2016, first with the Brexit vote and later that year with the United States elections. Needless to say, China in general and more specifically the problematic trade balance with China that most Western nations are dealing with have been and still are major talking points. It


China and Indonesia: ~1.7 Billion Reasons to Find Common Denominators

The #1 country worldwide in terms of population (China) and the #4 nation by the same metric (Indonesia) do indeed have roughly 1.7 billion reasons (their combined population) to engage in economic cooperation and identify common geopolitical denominators. And historically speaking, common denominators abound. The “first meaningful contact” moment between the two entities dates back


China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

It is close to impossible for China not to have some kind of a relationship with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN, for the sake of convenience) in light of the fact that it shares deep ties with its 10 member states, which range from historical and cultural to more pragmatic geographical and economic


China, Inner Mongolia and… (Outer) Mongolia?

Misconceptions around this topic abound, starting with the very status of Mongolia itself. Is Mongolia an independent nation? Yes. Is Mongolia a part of China? Kind of. Does “Outer” Mongolia exist? Kind of… but not really. If you were not confused by now, you most certainly are at this point, so it is time to


The (Trade but Not Exclusively Trade) Relationship Between China and Malaysia

Despite there not being a border between the two countries, China and Malaysia share deep ties, anything from ethnicity-related ones (with a quarter of Malaysia’s population consisting of Malaysian Chinese after a migration phenomenon that occurred several centuries ago, although sociological data tends to indicate that they don’t necessarily identify as Chinese) to the economic


Liquidity Crunch in the US: Implications for China?

Some investors have been spooked by the recent liquidity issues in the US repo market and the Federal Reserve’s subsequent attitude. As a brief explanation, a repo agreement or repurchase agreement is essentially a transaction between two entities, where the one in need of liquidity (the dealer) gives assets that it owns such as bonds


Money Talks: China’s Geopolitical Friends and Enemies

As cliche as the term may be, “money talks” represents perhaps the best possible two-word combination when it comes to accurately describing the current state of Sino-centric geopolitics. Frankly, the name of the game for those serious about embracing a realistic perspective on China’s geopolitical relationships is realizing that the sheer size of China’s economy